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Master Word Relationships with Analogies Worksheets for 9th Grade



Analogies Worksheet for 9th Grade: How to Master Word Relationships




Do you want to improve your vocabulary, reasoning, and creativity? Do you want to ace your 9th grade language arts tests? If so, you need to master analogies. Analogies are comparisons between two things that show how they are related. They are not only fun and challenging, but also help you learn new words and concepts.




analogies worksheet for 9th grade



In this article, you will learn what analogies are and why they are important, what are the types of analogies and how to identify them, how to solve analogies using the bridge sentence strategy, and how to practice analogies using worksheets and online resources. By the end of this article, you will be able to tackle any analogy question with confidence and ease.


What are analogies and why are they important?




Analogies are comparisons between two things that show how they are related.




An analogy is a type of word problem that asks you to find the relationship between two pairs of words. For example:


DOG : PUPPY :: CAT : ?


This analogy means that a dog is related to a puppy in the same way that a cat is related to what? The answer is kitten, because a kitten is a young cat just like a puppy is a young dog.


Analogies usually have a colon (:) between the first pair of words and a double colon (::) between the second pair of words. The question mark (?) represents the missing word that you need to find.


Analogies help students improve their vocabulary, reasoning, and creativity.




Analogies are not only fun puzzles, but also valuable learning tools. Here are some of the benefits of analogies:


  • They help you expand your vocabulary by exposing you to new words and their meanings.



  • They help you develop your reasoning skills by making you think logically and analytically.



  • They help you enhance your creativity by making you think outside the box and find connections between different things.



Analogies also prepare you for standardized tests such as the SAT, ACT, GRE, and others that often include analogy questions.


What are the types of analogies and how to identify them?




There are seven main types of analogies: function, degree, lack, characteristic, type/kind, part to whole, and definition.




Each type of analogy shows a different kind of relationship between the words. Here are some examples of each type:


Type


Format


Example


Function


A is used for B


PEN : WRITE :: KNIFE : CUT


Degree


A is a more or less intense form of B


HOT : SCORCHING :: COLD : FREEZING


Lack


A is the absence of B


SILENCE : SOUND :: DARKNESS : LIGHT


Characteristic


A has the quality of B


SKY : BLUE :: GRASS : GREEN


Type/Kind


A is a type or kind of B


ROSE : FLOWER :: OAK : TREE


Part to Whole


A is a part of B


FINGER : HAND :: PETAL : FLOWER


Definition


A is defined as B


OCEAN : LARGE BODY OF WATER :: DESERT : DRY LAND


Each type of analogy has a specific format and clue words that help students recognize them.




To identify the type of analogy, you need to look at the format and the clue words of the word pairs. The format is the way the words are arranged in the analogy. The clue words are the words that indicate the relationship between the words. For example:


CHEERFUL : GLOOMY :: BRAVE : ?


This analogy has the format of A is the opposite of B. The clue words are cheerful and gloomy, which are antonyms or opposites. Therefore, this is a degree analogy, and the missing word is cowardly, which is the opposite of brave.


Here are some common formats and clue words for each type of analogy:




Type


Format


Clue Words




Function


A is used for BB is the purpose or function of AA does BB is done by A


use, for, purpose, function, do, by




Degree


A is a more or less intense form of BB is a less or more intense form of AA and B are synonyms or antonyms


more, less, intense, form, synonym, antonym, opposite




Lack


A is the absence of BB is the presence of A


absence, presence, without, with




Characteristic


A has the quality of BB is a quality or attribute of A


quality, attribute, feature, property




Type/Kind


A is a type or kind of BB is a category or group that includes A


type, kind, category, group, class




Part to Whole A is a part of B B is a whole that consists of A part, whole, consist Definition A is defined as B B is the definition or meaning of A define, definition, meaning How to solve analogies using the bridge sentence strategy?




The bridge sentence strategy is a method that helps students find the relationship between the words in an analogy.




The bridge sentence strategy involves creating a sentence that connects the two words in a word pair. The sentence should describe how the words are related and use clue words that indicate the type of analogy. For example:


CHEETAH : FAST :: SNAIL : ? The bridge sentence for this analogy could be: A cheetah is very fast compared to other animals. The clue word here is compared to, which indicates a degree analogy. The missing word should be something that is very slow compared to other animals. The answer is slow.


strategy involves three steps: finding the bridge word, forming the bridge sentence, and testing the answer choices.


To solve an analogy using the bridge sentence strategy, you need to follow these three steps:



  • Find the bridge word. The bridge word is a word that can be used to connect both pairs of words in the analogy. For example, in the analogy CHEETAH : FAST :: SNAIL : ?, the bridge word could be speed.



  • Form the bridge sentence. The bridge sentence is a sentence that uses the bridge word and the clue words to describe the relationship between the words in a word pair. For example, using the bridge word speed and the clue word compared to, the bridge sentence for CHEETAH : FAST could be: A cheetah has a high speed compared to other animals.



  • Test the answer choices. The answer choices are the possible words that can complete the analogy. To test them, you need to plug them into the bridge sentence and see if they make sense and match the relationship of the first word pair. For example, using the same bridge sentence, you can test the answer choices for SNAIL : ? as follows:




  • SNAIL : SLOW - A snail has a low speed compared to other animals. This makes sense and matches the relationship of CHEETAH : FAST. This is the correct answer.



  • SNAIL : SHELL - A snail has a shell speed compared to other animals. This does not make sense and does not match the relationship of CHEETAH : FAST. This is not the correct answer.



  • SNAIL : SLIMY - A snail has a slimy speed compared to other animals. This does not make sense and does not match the relationship of CHEETAH : FAST. This is not the correct answer.



By using the bridge sentence strategy, you can easily find the missing word in an analogy and avoid getting confused by irrelevant or misleading answer choices.


How to practice analogies using worksheets and online resources?




Worksheets are a great way to practice analogies and check your understanding.




One of the best ways to master analogies is to practice them regularly using worksheets. Worksheets provide you with a variety of analogy questions that test your knowledge of different types of analogies and challenge your thinking skills. Worksheets also give you immediate feedback on your answers and explanations for why they are correct or incorrect.


You can find many free and printable analogies worksheets online for different grade levels and skill levels. For example, you can check out these websites for some analogies worksheets for 9th grade:



  • EnglishForEveryone.org - This website offers a collection of analogies worksheets that cover different types of analogies and difficulty levels. Each worksheet comes with an answer key and a tip sheet that explains how to solve analogies using the bridge sentence strategy.



  • OpenWorksheets.com - This website provides a series of analogies worksheets that focus on specific types of analogies such as function, degree, lack, characteristic, type/kind, part to whole, and definition. Each worksheet has 12 questions and an answer key.



Online resources such as games, quizzes, and apps can also help students learn and have fun with analogies.




Besides worksheets, you can also use online resources such as games, quizzes, and apps to practice analogies and have fun at the same time. Online resources can offer you more interactivity, variety, and feedback than worksheets. They can also help you track your progress and compete with others. Here are some examples of online resources that you can use to learn and play with analogies:



  • IXL.com - This website offers an interactive quiz that tests your ability to solve challenging analogies. You can choose from different types of analogies and difficulty levels. You can also get hints, explanations, and scores for each question.



  • Vocabulary.co.il - This website features several games that help you practice and improve your analogies skills. You can play games such as Analogies Jeopardy, Analogies Quiz, Analogies Hangman, and Analogies Crossword.



  • Analogy Quiz: Word Games - This is a free app that you can download on your Android device and enjoy hundreds of analogy questions. You can choose from different categories such as animals, food, sports, science, and more. You can also earn coins, unlock levels, and challenge your friends.



Conclusion




Analogies are a powerful tool for learning and thinking.




Analogies are comparisons between two things that show how they are related. They help you improve your vocabulary, reasoning, and creativity. They also prepare you for standardized tests that often include analogy questions.


By knowing the types of analogies, using the bridge sentence strategy, and practicing with worksheets and online resources, students can master word relationships and ace their 9th grade language arts tests.




To solve analogies, you need to know the seven main types of analogies: function, degree, lack, characteristic, type/kind, part to whole, and definition. You also need to use the bridge sentence strategy, which involves finding the bridge word, forming the bridge sentence, and testing the answer choices. To practice analogies, you can use worksheets and online resources such as games, quizzes, and apps that offer you a variety of analogy questions and feedback.


By following these tips and strategies, you can become an analogy expert and impress your teachers and peers with your word skills.


FAQs





  • What is an analogy?



An analogy is a comparison between two things that show how they are related.


  • What are the benefits of analogies?



Analogies help students improve their vocabulary, reasoning, and creativity. They also prepare them for standardized tests that often include analogy questions.


  • What are the types of analogies?



There are seven main types of analogies: function, degree, lack, characteristic, type/kind, part to whole, and definition.


  • What is the bridge sentence strategy?



The bridge sentence strategy is a method that helps students find the relationship between the words in an analogy. It involves finding the bridge word, forming the bridge sentence, and testing the answer choices.


  • How can students practice analogies?



Students can practice analogies using worksheets and online resources such as games, quizzes, and apps that offer them a variety of analogy questions and feedback.


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